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Silver Swan Mediterranean Spurge

  • Scientific Name: Euphorbia characias 'Wilcott'
  • Garden: Lawn Alternatives Garden
  • Plant Type: Herbaceous Perennials
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Evergreen
  • Sun/Shade Exposure: Full Sun
  • Moisture Requirements: Moist, Well-Drained

Plant Information

Euphorbia characias, the Mediterranean spurge or Albanian spurge, is a species of flowering plant in the family Euphorbiaceae typical of the Mediterranean vegetation. It is an upright, compact evergreen shrub growing to 1.2 m tall and wide. One of the most dramatic plants for your garden, Euphorbia offer a diversity of height, form, color and habit. The genus is expansive, including more than 2,000 species of herbaceous perennials, annuals, biennials, as well as evergreen and deciduous shrubs and trees. There are many varieties perennial here in the Pacific Northwest. Culture: Most prefer well-drained, light soil in full sun, although some Euphorbia prefer moist, humus-rich soil in part shade or permanently moist soil in full sun. Pests and Disease: When grown in too wet soil, collar rot can occur. In addition, some kinds of Euphorbia are susceptible to powdery mildew. Otherwise Euphorbia are generally pest free. Maintenance: Most Euphorbia resent transplanting, but otherwise are easy to maintain. After flowering, the dead stems on the plant should be cut back to the area of new growth. Importantly, tidying the plant will promote more growth to occur. In addition, it is extremely important to wear protective gloves when working with Euphorbia because they exude a white sap that is a skin irritant and can be poisonous if ingested. Additional qualities: Deer resistant, drought tolerant. Propagation: Depending on the species or cultivar propagate by seeding, division or cuttings.

Data Source

Photo Credit

EUCH Full, EUCH Leaf (©2022 Cheri Moland), EUCH flower portlandnursery (©2020 Portland Nursery)